We all may be knowing that What is Linux at least as we all are familiar with Android and Other PC Distributions of Linux. Linux is basically Open Source Operating System with its Own New Features and Customized by different Distributors like Ubuntu, RedHat, Fedora, etc.
There are numerous Flavors of Linux with its own Feature Sets. In fact, there is no such thing like Best Linux as Every Distro have its own Beauty & Features.We may choose any distro from these many Distributions as per our need, Still many of us will think what should I get as We all have good experience of Windows Operating System with its Simple GUI but in Linux alongwith GUI interface , We must learn Commandline Interface in which we have a Terminal (Shell) to work on Linux. Also As we saw there are more number of viruses on Windows OS and so have to use different Anti-Virus programs to be secured, here on Linux there are no Virus problems at all.
Let us start with Choosing Best Linux Distro of 2013.
First Decide why you are opting for linux ? If you want to just try what is linux and how it works then get any small Sized Linux Distro from the list for e.g, Mint Linux or Puppy Linux. So, as we say earlier that every linux has its own features and interface, we divided those into Different Categories and hence it will help you to choose your Linux Distro. In linux mainly there are 2 Version of OS GUI Available to Download : KDE and GNOME here we will always recommend to go with GNOME.
Desktop/Laptop | General Use Distro:
Canonical's Ubuntu is the Best Longterm Supported Linux Distro with Future Upgrades and also they are getting involved in Mobiles and Tablets Devices too.
Ubuntu is divided into many types like Desktop | Phone | Tablet | TV |Server and Cloud Management too. The Key Features of Ubuntu are:
- It is easy to use with its simple GUI
- There are many applications available to download and use them as well.
You can choose between two options when you go for PC. Ubuntu 13.04 gives you all the latest features, while Ubuntu 12.04 LTS comes with extended support, the choice is yours!
Fedora OS is Free Linux OS by FedoraProject.org giving you much more features with future upgrades too. The Key Feature of Fedora are:
- Thousands of apps ready to download and install
- Fedora is the foundation for Red Hat Enterprise Linux.
- It also have same Feature set as like Ubuntu have.
You may get Fedora in GNOME Or KDE Version.
openSUSE Linux Distro also a better option with above mentioned but openSUSE excels in enterprise Environment with KDE.
The Latest version of openSUSE is 12.3 with bunch of updates from previous packages.
This is Highly Customized Distro that includes many features out-of-the box that other Distro don't give. Mint OS basically Based on Ubuntu | Debian
Currently, Latest version is named as Olivia i.e, Linux Mint 15 with Different Download Options.
Also See: Top 7 Free Cloud Storage Services
Debian itself based on its own kernel and many of other distro are based in Debian Itself. So, Here it is Stable linux distro and Debian is produced by almost a thousand active developers spread around the world who volunteer in their spare time.
At Present, Debian provides more than a pure OS! as it comes with over 37500 packages, precompiled software bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine.
Enterprise | Commercial Distro
Linux is widely used on Enterprise or Commercial use too as it is free software and provides more stability than any other OS.
You May know many courses about Red Hat Certification like System Administrator | Network | and many more.
Basically, Red Hat Linux is used for Commercial purpose as it supports several features to handle servers!
You may get everything you expect from an enterprise-class open source operating system with flexibility, efficiency, and control. Red Hat Enterprise Linux is the solution across a broad range of hardware architectures, hypervisors, and clouds.
The Support of Red Hat is great with Different available products by them and Costs of the distribution come from support packages of it.
CentOS (Community ENTerprise Operating System ) basically Enterprise Version of Linux based on Red hat.
Latest version is termed as: CentOS 6.4 based on Upstream Release EL 6.4 and includes various number of packages and Repositores have been combined into one to make it easier to work with it.
Based on itself OpenSUSE, Enterprise version of openSUSE costs much but the you will get many of Enterprise level features with Great Support too.This Offers the lowest downtime in its class, Taking advantage of hardware and software RAS and security.
You may get Free 60-Day trial if you want to test it before you buy.
Security-Enhanced (Penetration Testing Distribution) Linux
In the world of [email protected] and Viruses we often get affected by many of these things as our PC or devices are not as much Secure because of our carelessness or may be lack of Security. On Linux, there is no problem of security as its based on Different kernel and with better File Security Systems.
Whenever we hear name Backtrack, we think about [email protected] and other security related things.The BackTrack Project is funded by Offensive Security. Backtrack is the home of the highest rated and acclaimed Linux security distribution.
In Simple words, BackTrack is intended for all Users from the most savvy security professionals to early newcomers to the information security field As BackTrack promotes a quick and easy way to find and update the largest database of security tools collection to-date.
Again Kali Linux project is funded by Offensive Security who done great Contribution in Backtrack version. From the creators of BackTrack comes Kali Linux, it is saying that it is the most advanced and versatile penetration testing distribution ever created. BackTrack has grown far beyond its humble roots as a live CD and has now become a full-fledged operating system.
Those who have tried Backtrack and love to test those types of Distro, they Must give try to Kali Linux to try out new features.
Minimal and Multimedia Purpose Linux
Arch Linux, a lightweight and flexible Linux distribution that tries to Keep It Simple. With an active community of members and thousands of software packages available in its repositories, Arch Linux stays out of the way so your PC can focus on the CPU-intensive tasks at hand!
Puppy Linux is based on GNU/Linux. It is completely free and open source software.
How is Puppy Different?
- Small size, ~100MB!
- ‘Live' booting from CDs, DVDs, USB flash drives, and other portable media.
- Runs from RAM, making it unusually fast even in old PCs and in netbooks with solid state storage media.
- Includes a wide range of applications: wordprocessors, spreadsheets, internet browsers, games, image editors and many utilities.
Specialised Customised OS:
Users Which have used Mac OS Previously or may be using currently may opt for This Linux Distro which have GUI Same to MAC OS! This version of Linux is beautiful and mimics the look and functionality of Apple’s Mac OS X.
Again, Like Pear Linux Users who are much familiar with Windows Operating System, may like ZorinOS Linux Distro which have look,feel and much similar to Windows OS. This is way great Distribution for those who finds difficulty to use GUI of Normal Linux OS.
There are Lots of Flavors of Linux Operating System while choosing a Linux at first time goes difficult as we don't have much info about what distro have which features and which not, but With this New Guide about Choosing Distro will go easier from now as you may choose any Distro based on your Requirements.
[Images Courtesy:Different Sources Of Linux]